Lisbon is the starting point to most nights.
Know the places and information regarding the city
Camarilla Rulled, though danger lurks in every corner
V:tm Canon is described in Italic
Dark / Middle AgesEdit
On 6 August 711, Lisbon (Al-Ushbuna / Uşbuna) was taken by Muslim forces. Mostly Assamite from the the "bloodline of judges", Berbers and Arabs from North Africa and the Middle East, built many mosques and houses, with the help of Visiers, rebuilt the city wall (known as the Cerca Moura) and established administrative control shared by Salubri, Assamite and Setites, while permitting the diverse population (Muladi, Mozarabs, Berbers, Arabs, Jews, Zanj, and Saqaliba) to maintain their socio-cultural lifestyles.
Mozarabic was the native language spoken by most of the Christian population. Islam was the official religion practised by the Arabs, Berbers, Zanj, Saqaliba, and Muladi (muwalladun); the Christians were allowed to keep their religion under the status as Dhimmi subjects, and were allowed rights of residence in return for jizyah taxes. In return for paying this surtax, Christians and Jews were excluded from specific duties assigned to Muslims like joining the Islamic army, and their security was guaranteed by the Islamic state, but otherwise, the Christians and Jews were equal to Muslims under the laws of property, contract and obligation.
The Muslim influence and presence is still present in the Alfama, an old quarter of Lisbon that survived the 1755 Lisbon earthquake: many place-names are derived from Arabic and the Alfama (the oldest existing district of Lisbon) was derived from the Arabic "al-hamma". Although under constant monitoring, the area is a hotspot for Laibon kindred, Assamites and Followers of Set - if in small numbers.
In 1108 the city was conquered by Norwegian crusaders led by Sigurd I on their way to the Holy Land as part of the Norwegian Crusade, but was reconquered by Moorish Almoravids in 1111. The Thetmes embrace of Fatima al-Faqadi and other Fida'i gave strength to the clan once more.
1139 - Portugal is founded.
1144 - Esoara, War Leader of Ceoris [9th Gen Tremere Antitribu - House Goratrix] fought for D. Afonso Henriques as a mercenary before he was embraced.
In 1147, as part of the Reconquista, crusader knights led by Afonso I of Portugal besieged and reconquered Lisbon. The city, with around 154,000 residents at the time, was returned to Christian rule. The reconquest of Portugal and re-establishment of Christianity is one of the most significant events in Lisbon's history, described in the chronicle Expugnatione Lyxbonensi. As spoken Arabic lost its place in the everyday life of the city, many of the remaining Muslim residents were converted to Roman Catholicism by force, or were expelled, and the mosques were either destroyed or converted into churches. Shortly after, D. Afonso Henriques moves his court from Coimbra to Lisbon. Portugal becomes a place of interest for Iberian Brujah elders, for their possible utopia. However, church connections bring in Christian Lasombra as well.
The arm wrestle between the clans grew stronger, mostly between Followers of Set, Assamites, Ventrue, Lassombra, Brujah and Cappadocians.
Order of Saint Michael's Wing is founded by King Afonso Henriques.
1179 - Portugal acknowledged as an independent kingdom by Pope Alexander III
1185 - Sancho I becomes King of Portugal. Portuguese cainites put barriers on the church (to prevent spread of influence of the Lasombra and the Cainite Heresy).
During the last centuries of the Middle Ages, the city expanded substantially and became an important trading post with both northern European and Mediterranean cities.
1211 - Ayzebel (f) Brujah [Unknown destiny] - Disappears after Sancho I dies; used to be the king’s personal astrologer and soothsayer.
Leader: Balesquida, 8th gen Lasombra, Apostle of the Third Caine [Unknown destiny] (DA:E, pg 95)
Nyssa: this lone Cappadocian was helping investigating Sancho I as a possible Third Caine. [Unknown destiny, but by the 19th century, the clan has mostly been exterminated by the Giovanni.]
Roman remains of a theater: Monthly (new moon) meeting place for the city's Apostles of the Third Caine, followed by a communal blood feast on a warehouse on the docks.
Main Opposer: Bishop Vibius Fimbria (Lasombra), mainstream heresy leader in Lisbon [Unknown destiny]
1212 - Afonso II becomes King of Portugal.
Vicente de Cardonha, The upright man of Lisbon [10th gen Lasombra] is sent to Lisbon to claim Portugal for the clan Lasombra.
Macario, The Weak Prince of Lisbon [8th gen Brujah] [Unknown destiny] - beset by enemies on all sides and manipulated by his advisors.
1220 - First Portuguese Inquisitions 1230 - Guillermo/Guilherme, Prince of Coimbra [9th gen Brujah] [Unknown destiny; Seems to have pissed off Lasombra and Assamites], barely 2 centuries out of embrace. Attempting to make Coimbra into a neutral paradise. Coimbra becomes a haven for vampires of all clans and affiliations; 1233 - Sancho II becomes King of Portugal. 1247 - Afonso III becomes King of Portugal, Sancho II flees in exile to Toledo due to his branding as an heretic by the Pope. 1250 - Rodrigo Toca [Unknown destiny] diablerises his Sire, Vicente de Cardonha with consent from the Amici Noctis’ Courts of Blood (for allying himself with a muslim Baali disguised as Lasombra - Silves' Sultan Muhammad ibn Farouk) and was given his sire's job of claiming Lisbon and Portugal for the Lasombra.
1373 - Anglo-Portuguese Treaty
1383-1385 - The 1383-1385 Crisis (Civil War)
1386 - Treaty of Windsor
Early Modern / Victorian AgesEdit
Two events marked the Portuguese Golden Age: the creation of the Camarilla and the Truce between the Camarilla and clan Assamite
In 1493, the Convention of Thorns marked the end of the First Anarch Revolt and the birth of the Camarilla as it is known today. The Traditions were accepted as law. Representatives for the Brujah, Gangrel, Malkavian, Nosferatu, Toreador, Tremere, and Ventrue clans officially joined the sect, while those speaking for the Lasombra and Tzimisce, who were majoritarily anarchs, rebelled against what they considered an offensive ultimatum and went on to form the Sabbat in opposition to everything the Founders intended. While the Convention of Thorns was a significant victory for the Camarilla, it set the stage for the next five centuries of conflict between the two sects. The Treaty of Tyre was a truce called between the Camarilla and clan Assamite in 1496 (though some sources place it in 1493, on the Convention of Thorns). The Camarilla agreed to call off all hostilities towards the clan ("hold back its Hand from the Full and Ultimate Extinction of Clan Assamite") and stop contracting Assamite assassins, whereas the Assamites agreed to cease their practice of diablerie against Camarilla members (submitting to a blood curse levied by the Tremere to ensure this), dismantle the defences of their stronghold Alamut, and no longer work as assassins.
Most of the Portuguese expeditions of the Age of Discovery left from Lisbon during the 15th to 17th centuries, including Vasco da Gama's expedition to India in 1497.
1537 - ?, 6th gen Malkavian, Portuguese. Fed only on babies. Final Death at the hands of Inyanga in the Ivory Coast circa 1537. His progeny hunted for Inyanga.
The 16th century was Lisbon's golden era: the city was the European hub of commerce between Africa, India, the Far East and, later, Brazil, and acquired great riches by exploiting the trade in spices, slaves, sugar, textiles, and other goods. This period saw the rise of the exuberant Manueline style in architecture, which left its mark in many 16th century monuments (including Lisbon's Belém Tower and Jerónimos Monastery, which were declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites).
Portugal lost its independence to Spain after the succession crisis of 1580; the Portuguese Restoration War, which began with a coup d'état organized by the nobility and bourgeoisie in Lisbon and executed on 1 December 1640, restored Portuguese independence. The revolution of 1640 ended the sixty-year period of dual monarchy in Portugal and Spain under the Spanish Habsburgs, although the period from 1640 to 1668 was marked by periodic skirmishes between Portugal and Spain, as well as short episodes of more serious warfare, until the Treaty of Lisbon was signed in 1688.
On 1 November 1755, the city was destroyed by a devastating earthquake, which killed an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 Lisbon residents of a population estimated at between 200,000 and 275,000, and destroyed 85 percent of the city's structures. In coastal areas, such as Peniche, situated about 80 km north of Lisbon, many people were killed by the following tsunami. In Setúbal, 30 km south of Lisbon, the water reached the first floor of buildings. In Lagos, the waves reached the top of the city walls. For many Portuguese coastal regions, the destructive effects of the tsunami were more disastrous than those of the earthquake proper.
By 1755, Lisbon was one of the largest cities in Europe; the catastrophic event shocked the whole of Europe and left a deep impression on its collective psyche. In southwestern Spain, the tsunami caused damage to Cadiz and Huelva, and the waves penetrated the Guadalquivir River, reaching Seville. In Gibraltar, the sea rose suddenly by about two metres. In Ceuta the tsunami was strong, but in the Mediterranean Sea, it decreased rapidly. On the other hand, it caused great damage and casualties to the western coast of Morocco, from Tangier, where the waves reached the walled fortifications of the town, to Agadir, where the waters passed over the walls, killing many. The tsunami also reached Cornwall, in the present United Kingdom, at a height of three metres. Along the coast of Cornwall, the sea rose rapidly in vast waves, and then ebbed equally rapidly. A two metre tsunami also hit Galway in Ireland, and did some considerable damage to the Spanish Arch section of the city wall.
1755 - Sé de Lisboa (Elysium): After the earthquake of 1755, small chambers with hidden doors that are accessible from outside only were built. A few Toreador elders suspect the earthquake was caused by some Tremere jealous of the might of Lisbon.
After the 1755 earthquake, the city was rebuilt largely according to the plans of Prime Minister Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, the 1st Marquess of Pombal; the lower town began to be known as the Baixa Pombalina . Instead of rebuilding the medieval town, Pombal decided to demolish what remained after the earthquake and rebuild the downtown in accordance with principles of modern urban design. It was reconstructed in an open rectangular plan with two great squares: the Praça do Rossio and the Praça do Comércio. The first, the central commercial district, is the traditional gathering place of the city and the location of the older cafés, theatres and restaurants; the second became the city's main access to the Tagus River and point of departure and arrival for seagoing vessels, adorned by a triumphal arch (1873) and monument to King Joseph I.
Modern / ContenporaryEdit
In the first years of the 19th century, Portugal was invaded by the troops of Napoléon Bonaparte, forcing Queen Maria I and Prince-Regent John (future John VI) to flee temporarily to Brazil.
During the 19th century, the Liberal movement introduced new changes into the urban landscape. The principal areas were in the Baixa and along the Chiado district, where shops, tobacconists shops, cafés, bookstores, clubs and theatres proliferated. The development of industry and commerce determined the growth of the city, extending north along the Avenida da Liberdade (1879), distancing itself from the Tagus River.
1880~1897 - Eugênio Vicente de Olisipo (Toreador), Prince of Lisbon, killed by a sabbat pack, as a spirit, he commands the city through a human (female, barely more than a child), “A voz do Principe.”
The city refounded its university in 1911 after centuries of inactivity in Lisbon, incorporating reformed former colleges and other non-university higher education schools of the city (such as the Escola Politécnica – now Faculdade de Ciências). Today there are 3 public universities in the city (University of Lisbon, Technical University of Lisbon and New University of Lisbon), a public university institute (ISCTE - Lisbon University Institute) and a polytechnic institute (IPL – Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa).
During World War II Lisbon was one of the very few neutral, open European Atlantic ports, a major gateway for refugees to the U.S. and a haven for spies. More than 100,000 refugees were able to flee Nazi Germany via Lisbon.
During the Estado Novo regime (1926–1974), Lisbon was expanded at the cost of other districts within the country, resulting in nationalist and monumental projects. New residential and public developments were constructed; the zone of Belém was modified for the 1940 Portuguese Exhibition, while along the periphery new neighborhoods appeared to house the growing population. The inauguration of the bridge over the Tagus allowed rapid connection between the two sides of the river.
Lisbon was the site of three revolutions in the 20th-century. The first, the 5 October 1910 revolution, brought an end to the Portuguese monarchy and established the highly unstable and corrupt Portuguese First Republic. The 6 June 1926 revolution would see the end of that first republic and firmly establish the Estado Novo, or the Portuguese Second Republic, as the ruling regime. The final revolution, the Carnation Revolution, would take place on 25 April 1974 and would end the right-wing Estado Novo and reform the country as the current Portuguese Third Republic.
In the 1990s, many of the neighborhoods were renovated and projects in the historic quarters were established to modernize those areas; architectural and patrimonial buildings were recuperated; the northern margin of the Tagus was re-purposed for leisure and residential use; the Vasco da Gama bridge was constructed; and the eastern part of the municipality was re-purposed for Expo '98, to commemorate the 500th anniversary of Vasco da Gama's sea voyage to India, a voyage that would bring immense riches to Lisbon and cause many of Lisbon's landmarks to be built.